This is a mint condition, probably unissued and all original Springfield Armory Model 1884 Trapdoor Rifle. The serial number on this rifle is 454680, which places its date of manufacture to 1889. Springfield Armory produced 36,523 rifles in 1889. The Model 1884, which was the second model of the .45-70 trapdoor service rifles, was manufactured at Springfield Armory from 1886-1890.
The Barrel on this Rifle is in mint, unissued condition. The barrel is 32.60” long with a 0.730” barrel diameter at the muzzle. The barrel retains 99% of the original blue finish with virtually no wear noted except towards the muzzle where it exhibits having had a bayonet installed at some point. The left, rear side of the barrel has the serif “V” view proof stamp over the serif “P” firing proof stamp over the eagle head over the second serif “V” firing proof stamp, indicating proof firing with a special 80 grain cartridge of the assembled barrel, receiver and breech block. The top of the barrel has a serif “A” barrel inspector’s stamp and another, a serif “D” on the left side adjacent to the receiver. The bore of the rifle is in mint condition with a mirror finish and strong rifling. The chamber is still very clean and bright. The Breech Plug and Tang both retain 99% of the original color case-hardened finish, all of which are as beautiful as the day they were manufactured. The Tang Screw is the correct single-slot type and is unmarred.
The Front Sight Stud remains tightly brazed to the barrel and it retains 99% of its original finish. The Front Sight Blade is the correct Fourth Type with rounded top rear that was used from August 1887 until the end of production. The Front Sight Blade is still tightly pinned into the stud.
The Rear Sight is the correct Model 1884 Rifle Sight, also known as the Buffington Rear Sight mint condition. This particular sight is the Second Variation. The sight is graduated to 2,000 yards with the leaf marked in 25-yard increments from 200 to 1,400 yards on the right and in 50-yard increments from 15,00 to 2,000 yards on the left. The right side top of the leaf has the correct serif “R” for rifle stamp. The open “buckhorn” sight is on the slide, which was used for rolling fire set at 266 yards. The top of the slide has the second open sight, which is a “u” shaped aperture. The bottom of the arrow shaped opening at the bottom of the slide is the third “u” shaped open aperture. There are two closed apertures, one at the top and one at the bottom. Both arrow lines, (on the right for the right-side range markings; and the angled line on the left for the left-side range markings) are still visible. Both the Windage Knob and Binding Knob retain the majority of their original finish as does the leaf, slide and rear sight base. The single-slot base screw is unmarred. The binding knob works correctly with the slide at any elevation and the windage knob still crisply adjusts for left and right corrections.
The Lower Band is the correct Model 1885 Lower Band with the dish at the top to accommodate the Model 1884 Rear Sight. The Band is correctly marked with the serif “U” stamp and it retains 95% plus of its original niter blue finish with only very minor wear. The Lower Band Spring retains 99% of its original blue finish. The Upper Band is the correct Model 1874 Rifle Upper Barrel Band with the larger “U” stamp, which was incorporated in 1879. The Band retains 95% of its original niter blue finish. The Lug also retains the majority of its niter blue finish and the lug pin remains solidly in place. Both the sling swivel and stacking swivel are present and both retain 99% plus of the original niter blue finish. The Front Band Spring retains 99% of its original blued finish and both bands remain solidly on the stock.
The Breech Block is a mint condition Seventh Type that is crisply marked “U.S./MODEL/1884,” adjacent to the hinge point. The Breech Block retains 99% of the original and very vivid color case-hardened finish on the top (external) and interior sides. The colors are as sharp internally as the day this rifle was manufactured. The breech face is very clean and also retains virtually all of its original color case-hardened finish.
The Cam Latch is the correct Third Type with the unground rivet properly exposed leaving the square-shanked rivet visible. The Cam Latch contains the majority of its original blue finish with wear noted on the thumb latch release portion. The Cam Latch works perfectly and the breech block is very tight when it battery with no movement noticed. The original firing pin is present with a still sharp, pronounced striker end.
The Receiver is the correct .45-70 type with gas ports milled into both the left and right sides. The chamber area is in very fine condition and retains 98% of the original blue finish. The rear of the Receiver has the full serial number “454680,” which is still crisply stamped. The Receiver retains 98% of its original finish.
The Lock Plate is the correct Third Type with the large shield on the eagle. Both the eagle and the serif “U.S./SPRINGFIELD” stampings remain clear. The lock plate is in mint condition and retains 98% of its original dark blue oil finish. The Hammer is the correct Third Type with beveled lip. The cross hatching on the thumb piece is still crisply cut. The Hammer retains the vast majority of its original oil case-hardened finish as does the Hammer Screw, which is the correct single slot type. The Hammer, and Tumbler, works correctly in all three positions and the Main Spring remains strong.
The Trigger Guard is the correct two-piece type used up until the Model 1888 Rifle with the single-piece design was adopted. The Trigger Guard Plate is the correct Model 1863 pattern with rounded pads, which was used almost exclusively on Model 1884 production. The rear of the plate has a serif “H” inspection stamp. The Trigger Guard Bow is the correct Model 1863 pattern that is somewhat unique in that it was threaded for a screw, which is how the lower sling swivel is attached. The bow has a “B” inspection stamp just below the swivel lug. The Trigger Guard Plate, Bow and Sling Swivel all retain the 99% of the beautiful pale niter blue finish, which was introduced on furniture at Springfield in 1885 and is in mint condition. Both single-slot wood screws are present. The Trigger is the correct Second Type with longitudinal grooves and an angled tip that points to the bottom of the guard with cross-hatched grooves. The Trigger is in mint condition and retains all of its original oil case-hardened finish. The trigger release is still crisp.
The Stock is the original Model 1873 Rifle Stock. On the left stock flat is the correct, clipped corner, boxed, script “SWP/1889,” cartouche of Springfield Master Armorer Samuel W. Porter, who held this position at Springfield from 1879-1894. The cartouche is still very crisp and visible. The bottom of the stock wrist has the correct circle, script “P” firing proof stamp and a serif “X” inspection stamp. The stock is in mint condition with only a very few minor dings from storage but it has no cracks or chips noted. The stock retains its original oil finish.
The Nose Cap is still solidly in place and retains 99% of its original finish. The correct Model 1877 Rifle Butt Plate is present and the tang retains the vast majority of its original blued finish. The tang is stamped with the serif “U.S.” stamp. The back side of the butt plate retains 95% of the original blue finish and the original convex, single-slot butt plate screw. The only wear on the butt plate is at the shoulder. The stock carries the correct and mint condition Model 1878 Rifle Ramrod, Second Type, with cupped end. The ramrod retains 99% plus of the original blued finish and still attaches securely when stowed. All of the original finger cannelures at the other end of the ramrod remain crisply machined.
This is beautiful example of the Springfield Model 1884 Trapdoor Rifle that is in mint condition and which was probably never issued to have retained this condition. This is a museum quality rifle that would be hard to upgrade. This rifle still functions perfectly.